2013-07-31 "Study dials up western pond turtles"
by Carolyn Jones from "San Francisco Chronicle" [www.sfgate.com/science/article/Study-dials-up-western-pond-turtles-4694326.php]:
Turtles at a secluded Mount Diablo pond are outfitted with radio transmitters so researchers can follow their movements. Photo: Michael Macor, San Francisco Chronicle
Western pond turtles soak up the sun, seemingly oblivious to their participation in the study. Photo: Michael Macor, San Francisco Chronicle
Western Pond Turtle fitted with a transmitter is released back into the water after the collection of data on Wednesday July 24, 2013, in Clayton, Calif. Wildlife Biologist David "Doc Quack" Riensche with the East Bay Regional Park District is leading a plan to save endangered Western Pond Turtles, placing tiny antennas on their shells so scientists can track the reptiles and learn more about them. Photo: Michael Macor, San Francisco Chronicle
Turtle No. 13 is pretty much like western pond turtles everywhere. The greenish, speckled reptile likes to wallow in the mud, bask on old logs and munch on dragonfly larvae.
But then there's the 8-inch antenna on her back.
She and each of her 23 cohorts in a secluded Mount Diablo pond are affixed with radio transmitters on their shells so scientists can track their every poky, mud-filled move.
The turtles are oblivious to their high-tech accessory, but the information they provide has given biologists a glimpse into one of the most rare, and mysterious, reptiles.
"This is the holy grail for turtles," said David "Doc Quack" Riensche, an East Bay Regional Park District biologist who's been conducting the study for three years.
"How far do they go? Where do they winter? What kind of vegetation do they like? We're trying to find these answers so we can learn what's the best way to save these guys."
Western pond turtles, the state's only native turtle, are a "species of special concern," according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and are declining rapidly throughout the West. Once common in creeks and ponds in the Bay Area, the distinctive reptile is now fighting for survival.
The main culprits, aside from habitat loss, are nonnative bullfrogs, which eat the turtle eggs, and invasive red-eared slider turtles, which carry diseases and outcompete the western pond turtle for food and shelter.
The result is that few sizable colonies of pond turtles exist. When embarking on his study, Riensche scoured Alameda and Contra Costa counties for the elusive turtle and found almost none.
Then he stumbled across a 1-acre, spring-fed cattle pond in the eastern foothills of Mount Diablo outside Clayton.
There, he found more than 75 western pond turtles frolicking in the muck.
"It was like the Fertile Crescent," he said. "I was ecstatic."
During breeding season, Riensche and a crew of volunteers - including, sometimes, his wife and kids - trek to the pond daily to check on their subjects.
They catch a few turtles to weigh, measure and inspect for raccoon attacks, then they circle the pond with a wire antenna that resembles TV rabbit ears.
The antenna is affixed to a radio frequency tuner, which volunteers can adjust to locate individual turtles. It beeps when it receives a signal.
Fortunately, turtles don't go very far. Most are lounging in the mud or snoozing on a log. But when laying eggs, females can wander 100 yards or so from the pond - a migration that's critical to understanding how the turtle successfully breeds.
With the help of the antennas, scientists have learned the preferred nesting sites are sunny areas with grass about 1 1/2 feet high covering about 85 percent of the ground. There, the female turtle digs a small hole, deposits her eggs, buries them and lets them incubate in the warmth for two months or so.
Scientists also learned that turtles hibernate underwater for several months in the winter, clustered in the shallow end of the pond.
The information Riensche and his crew gather is sent to state Fish and Wildlife scientists, who use it to create a conservation plan.
Turtle tracking is not for the impatient. Volunteers spend many long hours by the pond with the antenna, waiting for one of nature's more relaxed creatures to do something interesting.
Maggie Clark, a bookkeeper from Lafayette, said she doesn't mind. In fact, it's sort of soothing, she said.
"Any little part I can do," she said. "This is a huge metropolitan area, and I think it's important we try to save as much as we can."
Richard Kaufmann of Oakland, a retired Lake Merritt naturalist, said he considers turtle tracking "payback."
"If you look at all the resources people have taken from the planet - wildlife has had to adapt. Some have, and some are having a harder time," he said. "I see this as a little return for what we've taken."
Turtle study -
To volunteer on the western pond turtle study, e-mail David Riensche at docquack@ebparks or call (510) 544-2319. For more information, go to www.ebparks.org/getinvolved/volunteer/quack#how.
Comment by Eric Mills, coordinator ACTION FOR ANIMALS [email@example.com]:
This is truly maddening. The Dept. of Fish & Wildlife (DFW) says that the Western Pond Turtle is a "species of special concern," then notes that the main culprits are "nonnative bullfrogs, which eat the turtle eggs, and invasive red-eared slider turtles, which carry diseases and out-compete the western pond turtle for food and shelter."
The DFG needs to get its act together, else projects such as this one to restore Western Pond Turtles are doomed to failure. We've been petitioning the Dept. and the DFG Commission for 18+ years to stop issuing frog & turtle permits for live animal food markets (mostly in various "Chinatowns") due in part to this very problem. Back in 2010 the Commission voted 5:0 to halt the frog/turtle import permits, but were ignored. The Dept. continues to issue the permits on a month-to-month basis. When challenged by an irate Commissioner Dan Richards (one of the best commissioners ever), the Dept. lamely responded, "The Director acts at the pleasure of the Governor." So much for the democratic process. These non-native animals cause major environmental harm when released into local waters, a common though illegal practice, often by "do-gooders" or religious sects in "animal liberation" ceremonies.
California annually imports TWO MILLION American bullfrogs and an estimated 300,000-400,000 freshwater turtles (red-eared sliders & softshells) for human consumption. ALL are diseased and/or parasitized (though it's ILLEGAL to sell such products). Worse, the majority of the bullfrogs carry the dreaded CHYTRID FUNGUS (Bd), responsible for the extinctions of some 200 species of frogs and other amphibians worldwide in recent years. THIS COMMERCE SHOULD BE HALTED IMMEDIATELY.
WRITE: Chuck Bonham, DFW Director [firstname.lastname@example.org]
ALSO WRITE TO THE FISH & GAME COMMISSION [email@example.com] (Mike Sutton, President), and ask that this issue be re-agendized, as we were promised in October of 2012.